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Guatemala: Operacion Sofia

Between 1960 and 1996 Guatemala suffered one of the most brutal of Latin America’s civil wars. During the conflict more than 200,000 people were killed, about 80 percent of them Maya civilians. “Operacion Sofia”, a scorched earth military campaign undertook in the early 80′s, attempted to systematically destroy the cultural, spiritual and environmental means of survival of entire Mayan communities in the highlands of the country. American historian Gregg Grandin called these successive military operations “The Last Colonial Massacre”.

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